Ulysses S. Grant and the Battle of Vicksburg

The Battle of Vicksburg

The Battle of Vicksburg lasted from May 18, 1863 to July 4, 1863. was the end of a long campaign to capture Vicksburg. Grant had forced Lieutenant  General John C. Pemberton to retreat into the city of Vicksburg. After sending several failed assaults at Vicksburg, Grant realized that he would have to use the siege tactic. After holding out for forty days without any signs of reinforcement arriving and with supplies dwindling, Pemberton was forced to surrender, surprisingly, however, not due to Grant's siege on Vicksburg, but the widespread starvation in the city. This battle is often considered part of the turning point  of the war, combined with other Union victories, such as the Battle of Gettysburg. With the Battle of Vicksburg, came control of the Mississippi River, splitting the Confederacy into two parts. This was a major tactical blow to the Confederates, discontinuing communication between Richmond and the army divisions west of the Mississippi River.
Picture: Grant's advance on Vicksburg

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